Work-Family Facilitation, Job Satisfaction and Psychological Strain Among Malaysian Female Employees
Previously, work-familyconflict has been the main focus of work and family studies in Malaysia. However, recent research has found that combining work and family domains does not always result in negative outcomes for employees. In this study, the relationships between the positive aspect of work-family interface (work-family facilitation) and job satisfaction with psychological strain among employees were tested. Additionally, the roles of job satisfaction as a mediator Â between work-family facilitation and psychological strain were examined. A total number of 740 female employees from several organisations in Malaysia completed the survey. The hierarchical regression and structural equation modelling analyses were conducted to analyse the data. As expected, the findings provided evidences for (i) direct effects of work-family facilitation and job satisfaction on psychological strain and (ii) mediating effects of job satisfaction on the relationship between work-family facilitation and psychological strain. The implications, limitations, and recommendations were also discussed.
Aryee, S., Srinivas, E. S., & Tan, H. H. (2005). Rhythms of life: Antecedents and outcomes of work-family balance in employed parents. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(1), 132-146.
Balmforth, K., & Gardner, D. (2006). Conflict and facilitation between work and family: Realizing the outcomes for organizations. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 35, 69-76.
Barnett, R. C. (1998). Toward a review and reconceptualization of the work/family literature. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs.
Cammann, C., Fichman, M., Jenkins, D., & Klesh, J. (1979). The Michigan organisational assessment questionnaire. Unpublished manuscript. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Cook, J. D., Hepworth, S. J., Wall, T. D., & Warr, P. B. (1981). The experience of work: A compendium and review of 249 measures and their use. London: Academic Press.
Frone, M. R., Russel, M., & Cooper, M. L. (1992). Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict: Testing a model of the work-family interface. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(1), 65-78.
Greenhaus, J. H., & Powell, G. N. (2006). When work and family are allies: A theory of work-family enrichment. Academy of Management Review, 31(1), 72-92. Haar, J. M., & Bardoel, E. A. (2008). Positive spillover from the workâ€”family interface: A study of Australian employees. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 46(3), 275-287.
Hanson, G. C., Hammer, L. B., & Colton, C. L. (2006). Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Work-Family Positive Spillover. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 11(3), 249-265.
Hunter, E. M., Perry, S. J., Carlson, D. S., & Smith, S. A. (2010). Linking team resources to workâ€“family enrichment and satisfaction. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77(2), 304-312.
Hussin, R. (2014). Work-family conflict and well-being among employed women in Malaysia: The roles of coping and work-family facilitation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Waikato.
Kalliath, T., O'Driscoll, M. P., & Brough, P. (2004). A confirmatory factor analysis of the General Health Questionnaire-12. Stress & Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 20(1), 11-20.
Lu, L., Robin, G., Kao, S.-F., & Huang, M.-T. (2006). A cross-cultural study of work/family demands, work/family conflict and wellbeing: the Taiwanese vs British. Career Development International, 11(1), 9-27.
Marks, S. R. (1977). Multiple roles and role strain: Some notes on human energy, time and commitment. American Sociological Review, 42, 921-936.
Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M. and Porter, L. W. (1979). The measurement of organizational commitment, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14, 244-247.
Mustapha, N., Ahmad, A., Uli, J., & Idris, K. (2011). Work-family facilitation and family satisfaction as mediators in the relationship between job demands and intention to stay. Asian Social Science, 7(6), p142-153.
Nasurdin, A. M., Ahmad, N. H., & Zainal, S. R. M. (2013). Comparing work-family conflict and facilitation among male and female entrepreneurs in Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Society, 14(1), 149-162.
Nicklin, J. M., & McNall, L. A. (2013). Workâ€“family enrichment, support, and satisfaction: A test of mediation. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 22(1), 67-77.
Ramirez, A. J., Graham, J., Richards, M. A., Gregory, W. M., & Cull, A. (1996). Mental health of hospital consultants: the effects of stress and satisfaction at work. The Lancet, 347(9003), 724-728.
Russo, M., & Buonocore, F. (2012). The relationship between work-family enrichment and nurse turnover. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 27(3), 216-236.
Sieber, S. D. (1974). Towards a theory of role accumulation. American Sociological Review, 39, 567-578.
Scandura, T. A., & Lankau, M. J. (1997). Relationships of gender, family responsibility and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18(4), 377-391.
Shimada, K., Shimazu, A., Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Kawakami, N. (2010). Work-family spillover among Japanese dual-earner couples: a large community-based study. Journal of Occupational Health, 52(6), 335-343.
Van Steenbergen, E. F., & Ellemers, N. (2009). Is managing the work-family interface worthwhile? Benefits for employee health and performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30(5), 617-642.