Sikap Pelajar Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Terhadap Hubungan Seks Sebelum Kahwin: Satu Tinjauan di Sabah.

Authors

  • Surammah Ramanaidoo Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Balan Rathakrishnan Universiti Malaysia Sarawak

Abstract

The problem of sex before marriage is increasing among teenagers. The purpose of this study is to examine the attitude of students of higher education institutions towards sex before marriage. In this study, researchers examined students ' attitudes towards sex before marriage, resources in gaining sex knowledge and attitude differences between subjects based on demographic characteristics such as gender, ethnicity and place of origin. This study was conducted on 250 students at the University Malaysia Sabah. The data obtained were analyzed using t Test and one-way ANOVA using SPSS version-12. Descriptive analysis showed that majority of students is conservative towards sex before marriage. The findings of this study indicate that there is a significant difference in attitude between male and female subjects towards sex before marriage. Male subjects have more liberal attitudes towards sex before marriage than the subject of female. The study also noted that there is a significant difference in attitude between the different ethnic groups on the subject of sex before marriage. Meanwhile, the place of origin does not give the difference on attitude towards sex before marriage. In addition, peer became the main source to obtain knowledge about sex. Finally, all relevant parties should take appropriate action to reduce the problem of sex before marriage among teenagers.

Masalah hubungan seks sebelum kahwin semakin meningkat di kalangan remaja. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji sikap pelajar institusi pengajian tinggi terhadap hubungan seks sebelum kahwin. Dalam kajian ini, pengkaji melihat sikap pelajar terhadap hubungan seks sebelum kahwin, sumber-sumber memperolehi pengetahuan seks dan perbezaan sikap antara subjek berdasarkan ciri-ciri demografi seperti jantina, etnik dan tempat asal. Kajian ini dilakukan ke atas 250 orang pelajar di Universiti Malaysia Sabah. Data yang diperolehi telah dianalisis dengan menggunakan Ujian t dan ANOVA sehala melalui program SPSS versi-12. Analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahawa kebanyakan pelajar bersikap konservatif terhadap hubungan seks sebelum kahwin. Dapatan kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa terdapat perbezaan sikap yang signifikan antara subjek lelaki dan subjek perempuan terhadap hubungan seks sebelum kahwin. Di mana, subjek lelaki lebih bersikap liberal terhadap hubungan seks sebelum kahwin berbanding dengan subjek perempuan. Hasil kajian juga menyatakan bahawa terdapat perbezaan sikap yang signifikan antara subjek berlainan etnik terhadap hubungan seks sebelum kahwin. Manakala, tempat asal tidak memberikan perbezaan ke atas sikap terhadap hubungan seks sebelum kahwin. Selain itu, rakan sebaya menjadi sumber utama untuk memperolehi pengetahuan tentang seks. Akhir sekali, semua pihak yang bertanggungjawab harus mengambil tindakan sewajar untuk mengurangkan masalah hubungan seks sebelum kahwin di kalangan remaja.

References

Aline, K. W. (1979). Adolescent Sexuality. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

Alphonsus Yong Sie Hing. (2003). Pengetahuan Seks Dan Sikap Terhadap Seks Di Kalangan Guru Sekolah Menengah. Jabatan Psikologi: UKM.

Carter, W. Y. (1995). Attitudes Toward Pre-Marital Sex, Non-Marital Childbearing, Cohabitation and Marriage Among Black and Whites. NSFH Working Paper, No.61.

Chaiken, S., & Stangor, C. (1987). Attitude and attitude change. Annual Review of Psychology, 385: 75-630.

Chan Boon Tee. (1989). Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Terhadap Seks Di Kalangan Pelajar Institusi Pengajian Tinggi. Latihan Ilmiah Jabatan Psikologi: UKM.

Chee Soh Kian. (2000). Sikap Pelajar terhadap Hubungan Seks Sebelum Kahwin: Satu Kajian Di Kalangan Penuntut UKM. Latihan Ilmiah Jabatan Psikologi: UKM.

Diyanah Anuar. (2008). Seks Luar Nikah, Mengapakah Remaja ‘Menghalalnya’.dlm.http://intim.wordpress.com/2008/02/13/seks-luar-nikah-mengapa-remaja- menghalalkannya%E2%80%99/.

Farah Esna-Ashari. (2005). Differences in Attitudes Towards Premarital Sex: The Impact of Some Dempgraphic and Sosio-Economic Factors in Sample of Shiraz City Youth (Poster Session NËš1403). Population and Development (IGPPD), University-Iran.

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.

Gubhaju, B. B. (2002). Adolescent Reproductive Health in Asia. Asian-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 17, 4: 97-119.

Johnson, A. M., Wadsworth, J., Wellings, K., Julia, F. & Bradshaw, S. (1994). Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles. London: Blackwell Scientific Publication.

Latipah Bt.Selamat (1978). Sikap takut kepada kejayaan. Satu kajian sikap di kalangan pelajari-pelajari wanita di UKM.

Lee, L. K., Chen, P. C. Y., Lee, K. K. & Kaur, J. (2006). Premarital Sexual Intercourse Among Adolescents In Malaysia: A Cross-Sectional Malaysian School Survey. Singapore Med J, 47 (6): 476-481

Leonard Lim Kok Hiang. (1995). Pengetahuan Seksual, Sikap Seksual Dan Sumber MaklumatSeksaul Di Kalangan Remaja Akhir. Latihan Ilmiah Jabatan Psikologi: UKM.

Ma’rof Redzuan. (2001). Psikologi Sosial. Selangor: Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

Muhd Ridzuan Hj. Mohd. Salleh. (1990). Peranan Swasta Dalam Perkembangan Keluarga. Kuala Lumpur: Jabatan Perdana Menteri.

Ongaro, F. (2001). First Sexual Intercourse in Health: A Shift Towards An Ever More Personal Experience? XXIV General Population Conference, Salvador-Brazil.

Podhista, C., Xenos, P., dan Varagrat, A. (2001). The Risk of Premarital Sex Among Thai Youth: Individual and Family Influences. East-West Center Working Papers, No. 108-5.

Rabiatul Adawiyah Koh Abdullah. (2007). Risiko Seks Sebelum Kahwin.dlm. http://intim.wordpress.com/2007/05/16/risiko-seks-sebelum-kahwin/

Santrock, J. W. (2006). Life-Span Development. (10th ed.). Boston: McGraw Hill.

Secord, P. F. & Backman, C. W. (1964). Social Psychology. New York: McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc.

Somasundram, R. (1979). Sikap Dan Trend Terhadap Tingkah Laku Seks Di Sebauah Institusi Pengajian Tinggi. Latihan Ilmiah Jabatan Psikologi: UKM.

Silva, K. T. & Schensul, S. (2003). Differences in Male and Female Attitudes Towards Premarital Sex in A Sample of Sri Lankan Youth. Department of Reproductive Health and Research. 86-88.

Sternberg, R. J. (2004). “Psychologyâ€. United States: Thomson Wadsworth.

Tang Chee Kean. (1997). Pengetahuan Seksual, Sikap Seksual, Sumber Maklumat Seksual Dan Tingkah Laku Seksual Di Kalangan Guru Pelatih: Satu Kajian Ke Atas Dua Buah Maktab Penguruan Di Pulau Pinang. Latihan Ilmiah Jabatan Psikologi, UKM.

Tan Kok Wei. (2001). Sikap Terhadap Seks Dan Pengetahuan Seks Di Kalangan Mahasiswa-mahasiswi Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Awam. Latihan Ilmiah Jabatan Psikologi: UKM.

Tee Seok Shun. (1997). Sikap Kaum Remaja Terhadap Perlakuan Hubungan Seks Sebeum Kahwin Berdasarkan Personaliti Mereka: Satu Perbandingan Di Antara Pelajar Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Dan Pekerja-pekerja Kilang. Latihan Ilmiah Jabatan Psikologi: UKM.

Wang, B., Li, X., Stanton, B., Kamali, V., Naar-King, S., Shah, I. & Thomas, R. (2007). Sexual Attitudes, Pattern of Communication and Sexual Behavior Among Unmarried Out-of-School Youth in China. BMC Public Health, 7:189.

Yap Siew Kim. (1998). Sikap Ibu Bapa Terhadap Pendidikan Seks Kepada Anak Mereka. Latihan Ilmiah Jabatan Psikologi: UKM.

Downloads

Published

2017-04-06

Issue

Section

Articles